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  Why and How a New Democratization of Russia Can Happen and Be Supported

By Andreas Umland
2018 01 11

The West Should Get Ready for and Promote a Different Russian Future
 
Western comments on Russian domestic and foreign affairs have, during the last years, become more and more gloomy. Among other topics, this pessimistic discourse (to which I too have contributed) features Putin’s neo-imperial plans for the post-Soviet area, the many varieties of post-Soviet Russian ultra-nationalism, the fragility of the geopolitical grey zone between the Kremlin-dominated sphere on the one side and NATO in the other, Moscow’s subversion of the foundations of the world’s nuclear non-proliferation regime (via Russian attacks on the nuclear-weapons-free state Ukraine), the catastrophic scenario of a full-scale Russian-Ukrainian war, the grave repercussions of such a new escalation for the whole of East-Central Europe, and the continuing Western naivety with regard to the origins, nature, functioning and aims of the current regime in Moscow. To be sure, arguments like these have been and are still necessary to be made as they are so far insufficiently salient in Western mass media. Yet, it may be time for developing in parallel a different approach to Russia’s future. At least that is what recent history and the aftermath of the Cold War’s end suggests.
 
 
  Why Salafi Islam is hostile towards traditional Islam: through the example of Turkey

Ismail Mollagil
2017 12 27

Everyone wants to understand how it happened that AKP (Justice and Development Party), which has been the ruling party of Turkey for 15 years, is dragging the country to disaster, in whatever light we view it. Not only for sociologists, but for all people it is important to understand the mentality that is behind this party, and why this mentality is hostile towards Turkish people, history, experience, identity, nature and sociology, why it so ruthlessly and harshly causes harm to the country. I suppose that such notions as "Salafism" and "booty" will help us to understand this topic better.
 
 
  Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

2017 12 25

Dear Readers,

Geopolitika.lt team would like to wish you a Merry Christmas and a Prosperous New Year.

 
 
  Joint statement of Ukrainian human rights organizations about a threat to the life of Bekir Degermendzhi due to the failure to provide necessary medical attention

2017 12 19
On December 14, 2017, at three o’clock in the morning, 57-year-old Crimean Tatar activist Bekir Degermendzhi, who was put in the Simferopol SIZO [pre-trial detention center] and accused of supposed extortion according to a fabricated case, was taken to an emergency department.
 
 
  Another Type of Asylum Seekers

Ilkhom Khalimzoda, Freelance researcher, Integration.lv
2017 12 01

Europe is facing mass movement of asylum seekers from various countries. This has been referred to as ‘refugee crises’ and commonly explained as a consequence of wars around the Globe.  Majority of asylum seekers in Europe are indeed running from war, terrorism, poverty, governmental oppression or in individual cases, from persecution, compulsory military service, social exclusion, and discrimination. Latvia has seen asylum seekers from many corners of the world including Vietnam, Afghanistan, Iran, Ukraine, Russian Federation, and Syria as well as many other countries. This short essay aims to put light on asylum seekers from an EU candidate country which is also a member of the Council of Europe.  
 
 
  What Is ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant)? (1)

Ismail Mollagil
2017 11 30

The problem of ISIL, like other problems of the Middle East, resembles the Matryoshka doll. When you open one of them, there is another one inside. The opinions of specialists on this issue differ significantly. In this article, we will try to present different opinions on ISIL.
 
 
  Approaches of “Partnership for Open Society” Initiative Regarding COMPREHENSIVE AND EXTENDED PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT

2017 10 23

To Be Signed between the European Union and the Republic of Armenia

Highlighting the importance of establishment and strengthening of public trust towards the activity of the state, as well as the European Union, “Partnership for Open Society” Initiative (hereinafter Partnership) welcomes the publication of the text of the Agreement.

 
 
  Political Islam or Islamists

Ismail Mollagil
2017 09 30

In order to understand this topic better, let us first clarify such terms as Islam, Muslim and Islamist. Islam is a religion that promises people happiness in this world and in the afterlife. As a belief system, it accepts Allah as One and Only God and Muhammad as a prophet and servant of Allah. In addition, Islam also accepts Jesus as a prophet, as well as Moses and other biblical prophets. Islam describes itself as the last religion of the entire religious chain / history. From the point of view of people’s behaviour / moral values, it orders / recommends such values as love, respect, honesty and industriousness. It orders to help relatives and all people in general, forbids killing, stealing, telling lies, all kinds of vicious practices, etc... 
 
 
  The Ukrainian Government’s Memory Institute against the West

By Andreas Umland
2017 03 07

How a Kyiv state organ is undermining Ukraine’s European integration

Historical remembrance and national reconciliation are touchy issues – especially when they concern large wars, mass murder and suffering of millions in the recent rather than far-away past. Ukraine’s memory of the nation’s Soviet history is primarily concerned with the enormous number of victims of Bolshevik and Nazi rule over, and wars in, Ukraine. Millions of Ukrainians – along with millions of other victims – living in the “bloodlands” (Timothy Snyder) were killed and terrorized by Europe’s two most murderous totalitarian regimes. At the same time, hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians collaborated to one degree or another with both of the killing machines – a considerable challenge for Ukrainian memory policies.

 
 
  Fake News, Fake Ukrainians: How a Group of Russians Tilted a Dutch Vote

By Andrew Higgins, The New York Times
2017 02 17

THE HAGUE — Harry van Bommel, a left-wing member of the Dutch Parliament, had persuasive allies in convincing voters that they should reject a trade pact with Ukraine — his special “Ukrainian team,” a gleefully contrarian group of émigrés whose sympathies lay with Russia.
 
 
  Russia Is a Terrible Ally Against Terrorism

By Daniel Benjamin, NYTimes
2017 01 27

Since early in his campaign, President Trump has made counterterrorism cooperation a pillar of his argument for improving relations with Russia. On the face of it, that idea might seem attractive: two of the world’s largest militaries and intelligence communities working together against the Islamic State and other jihadist networks to achieve progress that neither could alone.
 
 
  The Hunt for Russia's Next Enemy

By Ksenia Semenova, STRATFOR
2017 01 26

Alexander III, the conservative Russian emperor who ruled from 1881 to 1894, once famously remarked to his ministers that Russia has only two allies: its army and its navy. "The others," he said, "will go against us at the first opportunity."

Russian President Vladimir Putin recalled these words in a 2015 speech, adding that he quite agreed with them. At the time, Putin held every card he needed to point to the West and proclaim that the world stood against Russia, leaving it with only its forces for protection... 
 
 
  Top Trump Military Advisers Detail GOP Candidate‘s Defense Plan

By: Christopher P. Cavas and Joe Gould, DefenseNews
2016 11 10

The 2016 presidential election campaigns have not focused deeply on issues, certainly not on defense. While there is agreement that the restrictions of the Budget Control Act — the sequester — should be lifted, both sides have made rather general references to military policies, Clinton more on the policy side, Trump more on rebuilding what he claims is a “disaster” of a military. But details have been few and far between. 
 
 
  Why the International Criminal Court Can Contribute to Solve the “Ukraine Crisis”

By Valentyna Polunina and Andreas Umland
2016 11 10

The Case for Kyiv’s Ratification of the Rome Statute

Since the beginning of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, the idea of enlisting the help of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague to punish those responsible for Moscow’s seizure of Crimea and the Donbas region has become popular in Ukrainian political discourse. This aspiration is but one expression of the willingness of many Ukrainians to let international organizations take a prominent role in their state’s domestic issues. That approach is in stark contrast to Moscow’s increasingly dualistic approach to foreign organizations and treaties, according to which international and domestic law spheres are treated as two separate areas... 

 
 
  What Can the West Do to Get Putin’s Attention?

By Christopher A. Hartwell and Andreas Umland
2016 11 09

The Case for Smarter Sanctions against an Increasingly Bellicose Russia

What should be done about an increasingly aggressive Russia? The past few weeks have brought more evidence of Moscow’s move away from international norms and law. From continued denials of complicity in the MH17 tragedy and the bombing of a humanitarian convoy in Syria, to Russian President Vladimir Putin’s recent exit from the Nuclear Security Pact with the US, Russia’s behaviour is diverging further from the rules-based consensus of the post-Cold War world. This is in spite of Western sanctions that were introduced against Moscow in 2014.

 
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Ukraine has filed a lawsuit against Russia in the International Court of Justice for terrorism and racism

2017 01 19


The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine filed a lawsuit in the UN International Court of Justice against Russia within the framework of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, says the site of the Foreign Minister. This is done on the instructions of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, issued on 16 January.


National Armed Forces (NAF) of Latvia will deploy additional military units in three cities (1)

2017 01 18


For effective complex defence of Latvia, the establishment of a permanent division of the National Armed Forces has started in Latgale, reported the official website of the Ministry of Defence.

 



In Lithuania the amount of 110 thousand Euros was collected at a concert in support of the ATO fighters and residents of Donbass

2017 01 17


On 13 January a concert "Together to the victory" was held in Lithuania, where the audience decided to support Ukraine's defence and donated 110 thousand Euros.

 



Belarus has established a visa-free regime for citizens of 80 countries

2017 01 10


Alexander Lukashenko on 9 January signed a decree № 8 "On the establishment of visa-free entry and exit of foreign nationals." The document establishes visa-free entry to Belarus for a period not exceeding 5 days at the entrance through the checkpoint "National Airport Minsk" for citizens of 80 countries, - reported the press service of the President of Belarus.




The European Parliament approved the recall of visas for citizens of Ukraine and Georgia

2016 12 19


 

The European Parliament approved the granting of a visa-free regime for short-term trips to the citizens of Ukraine and Georgia, RIA Novosti reported.

 



The US House of Representatives approved actions against the influence of Russia

2016 12 08


The US House of Representatives approved a bill on establishing an inter-departmental body, the purpose of which would be to resist Russian attempts of "influencing the people and the governments" of other countries, - reported the Associated Press.


Alexander Parkhomenko. The pro-Russian (not already) President of Moldova, who was seated by the Russian Federation, stated about the way towards the EU

2016 12 02
Techno HUNDRED

"I back up": networks got surprised with the unexpected statement of the pro-Russian President Dodon about the EU.

The newly elected president of Moldova Igor Dodon, known for his pro-Russian views, stated that his country is not going to refuse from the cooperation with the European Union.

 

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